EP3 is over for another year but whether you were there or not, it doesn’t mean the learning has to stop. During the three days each of the four speakers referred to, cited, or otherwise mentioned a whole bunch of papers, books and other resources. We’ve collected the best of these and linked to them below, including open access links whenever possible. So for those moving into a holiday weekend, your reading list is sorted!
Lorimer mentioned that this was one of his favourite papers as a student, one that really got him thinking about humans and pain.
“It is hypothesised that these effects are due to increased confidence in obtaining relief with a well-known brand, and that branding has an analgesic effect that interacts with the analgesic effects of placebos and active ingredients.”
“We conclude that meaning affects the experience a noxious stimulus evokes, and that warning and visual attention moderate the effects of meaning when the meaning is associated with tissue-damage”
“Consistent with the notion that nociceptive withdrawal reflex magnitude and pain perception can be modulated by stimuli with different emotional valence, these results show that olfactory stimuli, too, can modulate spinal nociception in humans.”
“These results provide direct evidence for spinal inhibition as one mechanism of placebo analgesia and highlight that psychological factors can act on the earliest stages of pain processing in the central nervous system.”
“For science processes that are sequential and stage-like, such as cycles of moon, circulation of blood, stages of mitosis, and photosynthesis, a Direct-causal Schema is adequate for correct understanding. However, for science processes that are non-sequential (or emergent), such as diffusion, natural selection, osmosis, and heat flow, using a Direct Schema to understand these processes will lead to robust misconceptions. Instead, a different type of general schema may be required to interpret non-sequential processes, which we refer to as an Emergent-causal Schema. We propose that students lack this Emergent Schema and teaching it to them may help them learn and understand emergent kinds of science processes such as diffusion. Our study found that directly teaching students this Emergent Schema led to increased learning of the process of diffusion. This article presents a fine-grained characterization of each type of Schema, our instructional intervention, the successes we have achieved, and the lessons we have learned.”
A paper that he had a profound influence on our thinking here at NOI.
Hard to find in it’s original publication, this has been re-printed with invited commentary. Kevin Vowles spoke repeatedly and highly of this book, if you can track it down.
Bob Coghill spoke at length about this trifecta of brilliant papers.
“Subjective sensory experiences are constructed by the integration of afferent sensory information with information about the uniquely personal internal cognitive state. The insular cortex is anatomically positioned to serve as one potential interface between afferent processing mechanisms and more cognitively oriented modulatory systems. However, the role of the insular cortex in such modulatory processes remains poorly understood… these results indicate that the insula may be importantly involved in tuning cortical regions to appropriately use previous cognitive information during afferent processing. Finally, these data suggest that a subjectively available experience of pain can be instantiated by brain mechanisms that do not require the insular cortex.”
Two cracking, paradigm changing papers from a rising super star in the pain science world
Two papers relating to the idea of the Cortical Body Matrix
Not directly cited by Kevin, but contains some great intro reading on ACT including the “Sweet Spot” exercises that Kevin did with the group.
Kevin cited this as an important paper that challenges some long held ideas from CBT
There’s even more for those who want it- just check out our @noigroup Twitter stream.